Maximilian Carl-Friedrich Nitze, MD
1848 - 1906
Maximilian Carl-Friedrich Nitze, MD was born in September of 1848 in Berlin, Germany. He studied medicine in Heidelberg, Würzburg and Leipzig. Nitze obtained his medical degree in 1874 and made it his life's task to develop endoscopes with new properties and a new range of applications. On October 2, 1877, Nitze used a cadaver to demonstrate his "Kystoskop" and "Urethroskop" in Dresden. On May 9, 1879 he and an associate demonstrated the instrument in Vienna on a living patient.
Nitze returned to Berlin, where he opened a private institute for bladder and kidney disease and also gave special cystoscopy courses for colleagues from Europe and abroad.
Initially striving for improvements, Nitze eventually became so rigid that he would not tolerate any change in the optics of his instruments.