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degree in 1792. Returning to his native city, Physick was soon appointed surgeon to the Pennsylvania Hospital (1794), and a decade later he was named to the newly-established chair of surgery at his undergraduate alma mater. In 1819, Physick transferred to the professorship of anatomy, where he remained for 12 years until his retirement.

Physick eventually devised many urologic instruments and procedures including a lithotomy gorget, filiforms and followers, urethrotome, waxed linen bougies for urethral dilation, buckskin ligatures and a needle holder. However, he authored almost no publications. Despite this, Physick has been called the "Father of American Surgery."

Dr. Physick died in 1837.

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